Alcohol consumption is declining
Drinking levels fell in the late 1970s and early 80s, but in the 90s, consumption levels rose again, and by 2000, boys in the 9th grade were drinking 5.3 litres of pure alcohol per year, which is the highest volume ever measured. The figures for girls peaked in 2005, when they drank 3.2 litres of pure alcohol (apart from the first year of 1977 when the volume was even higher). Consumption levels by boys and girls have been more or less on a par with one another in recent years, and in 2018, totalled 1.0 litre. Annual consumption levels amongst upper secondary school students have also fallen over time and boys and girls drink, on average, 3.0 litres and 2.4 litres, respectively.
We usually share a bottle of spirits if there's two of us. That's fine for an evening. And if there's some left over, you can always save it for the next time.
Alicia, aged 15, Örebro
The percentage who drink heavily and often is decreasing
The amount that young people drink every year doesn’t give the whole picture, however: it’s equally important to look at how many are drinking in a risky way and when they’re drinking. 7 per cent of ninth graders said that they binge drink (one bottle of wine or corresponding amount of other alcoholic beverages) at least once a month. The corresponding figure for students in year 2 of upper secondary school was 24 per cent in 2018. These figures are considerably lower than 10 years ago, and are the lowest levels since the measurements began.
Consumption has fallen by more than half in just 10 years. It’s young people who are paving the way. Not adults.
Håkan Leifman, The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN)
The commonest problems
The Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN) also asks, as part of their survey of school students, about the sort of problems young people have experienced in connection to alcohol. Here are some of the most common responses by teenagers who have drunk alcohol during the past 12 months: